You may be surprised to hear that many Americans have some form of periodontal disease. The disease in its most mild form can be seen as inflammation of the gum tissue. More severe cases include major damage to soft tissue and bone, even tooth loss. Whether you are dealing with bleeding gums or bone loss, you can take action to prevent periodontal disease from progressing.
Inadequate brushing and flossing causes gum disease. Both are important in removing plaque-causing bacteria from the mouth. When brushing and flossing become a pastime, gum disease moves in. Risk factors include diabetes, use of certain medications, hormonal changes in women, other illnesses, and genetic susceptibility. The best way to prevent periodontal disease is by maintaining good oral health.
Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums. Signs include red and swollen gums that may bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal disease that can be remedied by regular brushing, flossing and cleanings by your dental hygienist. Gum disease at this stage does not include bone and tissue loss.
Periodontitis presents itself when gingivitis is not properly addressed. The inflammation has now moved from just being in the gums to being around the tooth. Gum tissue moves away from the tooth and forms pockets of infection. If periodontitis is not treated the bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth can be destroyed.
Prevention is they key in avoiding any disease including periodontal disease. Taking care of mouth now will help in preventing problems down the road. Good oral health is more than fighting bad breath and having clean teeth.
Prevent periodontal disease by implementing the following habits:
- Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste
- Floss regularly to remove plaque from between the teeth
- Visit your dentist regularly for your routine check-up and cleaning
- Dont smoke
Follow those simple tips, and you will have healthy gums, happy teeth and a winning smile!